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Cat of nine tls

Cat of nine tls


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Cat of nine tls (kata)

Cat of nine tls (Kata) is a kata (fighting art) in Okinawan kobujutsu (武蔵介然) and also practiced in kalarippayattu. It is known in Japan and among the karate styles as Tenchō kata and Shorin-ryu as Shorin No Kata, and in Okinawa is known as Yaren (憶風, lit. Remembrance/Reflection Wind) and Yaren-ryu as Yaren Kobu Gatame (憶風工程, lit. Reflection Art Construction of Yaren), and uses the same syllabus and syllabi as Okinawan Goju-ryu Karate, Goju No Kata. This kata is also known as "The Cat of the Nine Paces", "The Nine Paces and Cat" or "Bamboo Cat" among other names.

Origin

Yaren-ryu clms to be one of the old and secret karate styles and says its foundation dates back to the 16th century. However, there are no original historical records of it or any of its predecessors, and there are a lot of questions about its exact origins and how it got its name.

Yaren-ryu clms it was passed down from master to student over generations until the founder died in the 19th century. However, the history of the style as it is taught today was created in the late 19th century by Choki Mushin, whose teacher, Kanketsu-Khatsu, had been in contact with the style's mn patron at the time, Choki Munan. While the history of the style given in Yaren-ryu's book Kyōju-sho (嘗州書, Book of Yaren) was written by Mushin himself, the history given in Yaren-ryu's second book Yaren-ryu Karate (嘗利流劍習) was supposedly written by Choki Munan's student, Kanketsu-Khatsu. There is still a lot of debate among historians about whether Kanketsu-Khatsu did in fact write the history book.

Structure

The style has no particular syllabus or curriculum. It is mnly composed of "go" (kumite, sparring) and "kokyu" (kime) exercises, with several kata and randori (repeatedly practiced routines). Some kata from Yaren-ryu were eventually selected for inclusion in the Okinawan Goju-ryu syllabus. Yaren-ryu students do kata and idō on their own from about 2 years old.

Tournament/Competition Goju-ryu Karate

In March 2002, the United States Goju-ryu Karate Association held the first national tournament between top goju-ryu karateka from the continental United States in the history of Goju-ryu karate. Five schools from the continental United States and one from Hawi all took part. There was no winner of the tournament but all the schools made significant progress during the 5-day event.

Gichin Funakoshi, founder of Shotokan Karate, commented on the event, saying: "It's encouraging to see many students learn more about Goju-ryu karate. It's encouraging that they can practice with some of the top goju-ryu students from other parts of the United States". The winner of the event, Kenji Nakabayashi, commented on his kumite, saying: "To start with we had to face another school, and we were only used to facing each other from the dojo. But we found out that it wasn't too bad after all. So, there are plenty of lessons for us to learn".

In May 2002, the United States Goju-ryu Karate Association held another national tournament between top goju-ryu karateka from the continental United States and Hawi in the history of Goju-ryu karate. Seven schools from the continental United States and two from Hawi all took part.

There was no winner of the tournament but all the schools made significant progress during the 5-day event. Yaren-ryu Goju-ryu students from California were taught by the winner of the 2002 U.S. National Tournament, Masaaki Hatsumi, while Yaren-ryu students from Hawi were taught by the winner of the 2002 U.S. National Tournament, Takayuki Nakasone. The U.S. Goju-ryu Karate Association made significant progress in both the goju-ryu styles by using these two teachers.

Goju-ryu in Japan

Goju-ryu was never widely taught in Japan, but after the turn of the 20th century, an organization known as the Shudokan (The School) was established in the city of Tokmura. It taught a system which eventually came to be known as Goju-ryu. The organization held tournaments for Goju-ryu from around the country, and these were widely popular throughout the 1920s.

In 1937, the Shudokan changed its name to the All Japan Goju-ryu Karate Federation (日本各地芸術流武道連盟 Nihon Gei TShin Jūtō Budō Renmei).

In the mid-1970s, the Shudokan changed its name agn, to the All Japan Goju-ryu Karate Association (全日本各地芸術流武道連盟, Nanji-hon Gei TShin Jūtō Budō Renmei).

Goju-ryu in the United States

In 1954, a group of martial artists from New York City founded the United States Goju-ryu Karate Association (USGKA). Among them was a young martial artist named George S. Grisolia, who became the first Goju-ryu master in the US and who introduced the style to the San Francisco Bay Area. Grisolia continued teaching Goju-ryu in the US for several years before returning to Japan.

In 1969, a group of US citizens from the Seattle area, after studying goju-ryu for several years in the US, founded the Pacific Northwest Goju-ryu Karate Association (PNGKA). Its first instructor was Charles T. Knepper. In the early 1970s, a group of goju-ryu students from Hawi, known as the Honolulu Goju-ryu Karate Club (HGKCC), split off from PNGKA, teaching the style in the Honolulu area. After studying in Japan, many of the HGKCC members became instructors in the Shudokan.

In 1980, in accordance with a split between US and Japanese nationals in the Shudokan, the San Francisco-based San Francisco Goju-ryu Karate-do Association was founded. The first instructor of the new club was Terry Soto.

In 1982, students of George Grisolia created the San Francisco Japanese Karate-do Association (SFJKDA). In 1987, a group of students from the Shudokan broke off to form the California Karate-do Association (CKA). Many of these same students later became instructors in the SFJKDA and were responsible for its expansion to most of the Bay Area.

In 1989, the National Karate-do Association (NKA) was founded to unify the various independent Kar


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